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  • 23 Dec 2014
    Do you have a dead Prius battery and you need to fix it? You will not be able to start your car until you repair it. Here are a couple of options that you can choose to bring your Toyota back to life:1. Completely replace the hybrid battery(HB)2. Fix your hybrid cells yourselfCompletely Replace Your Dead Prius Hybrid BatteryIf you want to completely replace your HB, you will need to go into a Toyota dealership because normal shops cannot replace it. You'd better learn about 12v 38ah battery first before you buy it. However, if you want to replace your dead batteries, you will need to be ready to shell out $5000 to get a new HB pack for your Toyota.Not ready to spend $5000 on a new HB for your car? Well, one option is to buy rebuilt Prius batteries from people other than Toyota. However, this alternative may still cost you $1000's of dollars.Want a cheaper and better solution to repair your dead batteries?Fix Your Dead Prius Batteries Yourself At HomeIf you want the best and cheapest alternative to fix your dead HB, it is highly recommended to use the Prius Hybrid Battery repair guide to rebuild your dead HB yourself.But can you actually save $5000 and rebuild your car batteries yourself at home?Yes! The repair guide will show you exactly how you can use everyday tools to replace your dead cells with new ones yourself. They will teach you all of this through step-by-step instructions and detailed pictures. Get more information at 10KW off grid inverter
    195 Posted by sueyx910310
  • Do you have a dead Prius battery and you need to fix it? You will not be able to start your car until you repair it. Here are a couple of options that you can choose to bring your Toyota back to life:1. Completely replace the hybrid battery(HB)2. Fix your hybrid cells yourselfCompletely Replace Your Dead Prius Hybrid BatteryIf you want to completely replace your HB, you will need to go into a Toyota dealership because normal shops cannot replace it. You'd better learn about 12v 38ah battery first before you buy it. However, if you want to replace your dead batteries, you will need to be ready to shell out $5000 to get a new HB pack for your Toyota.Not ready to spend $5000 on a new HB for your car? Well, one option is to buy rebuilt Prius batteries from people other than Toyota. However, this alternative may still cost you $1000's of dollars.Want a cheaper and better solution to repair your dead batteries?Fix Your Dead Prius Batteries Yourself At HomeIf you want the best and cheapest alternative to fix your dead HB, it is highly recommended to use the Prius Hybrid Battery repair guide to rebuild your dead HB yourself.But can you actually save $5000 and rebuild your car batteries yourself at home?Yes! The repair guide will show you exactly how you can use everyday tools to replace your dead cells with new ones yourself. They will teach you all of this through step-by-step instructions and detailed pictures. Get more information at 10KW off grid inverter
    Dec 23, 2014 195
  • 18 Dec 2014
    For gas powered carts, the cables need only be of sufficient size to operate the starter motor, which is only for a few seconds at a time. So that answer is no, the originally installed cables are plenty sufficient in size. For those of us who have the more plentiful, battery powered carts, the answer is somewhat more complicated. It's nevessary to promote 24v solar charge controller . The short answer for us is, yes and no, depending upon what we expect from the cart or if modifications to the motor or controller have been made.If the cart is absolutely bone stock (all original with no upgrades) and is used primarily as originally intended around the local course, the standard 6 AWG (aka 6 gauge or #6) cables are perfectly fine. Wire (cable) size is measured by a standard called American Wire Gauge or AWG and relates to the diameter or cross sectional area of the copper conductor itself. The smaller the AWG number, the larger the diameter, and hence, larger current carrying capacity. For example, a 2 AWG cable is larger than a 4 AWG which is larger than a 6 AWG. Most cart manufacturers use 6 AWG cables. The finest cables we have found so far are made by MaxiLink.com, which are super flexible and made for extreme duty electric vehicle use.Ok, now for you guys that want better performance, we'll get a little more technical. The maximum current that will ever go through your cables is when the cart is at rest and you mash the gas pedal to the floor. At that point in time, the controller puts out the max power it is capable of, and the motor experiences what is called "locked rotor" current draw, which can be hundreds of amperes. When the motor is in a stalled state, it requires tremendous energy to get it spinning to the rated RPM. If the motor were to stay in the stalled state (if there was some mechanical restraint that would not allow it to turn) the high current would continue to be absorbed by the motor until it actually burned up the windings. Typically though, the motor begins to spin immediately, and the current drops down to 20 or so amperes within a few milliseconds (on a stock cart). There are four things that limit that maximum current; the resistance of the internal windings of the motor, the current capacity of the battery pack, the controller capacity and the resistance of the battery cables. The Battery Pack and Motor windings are pretty much fixed values. Keep these in mind because we will come back to them.Aftermarket "high torque" or "high speed" motors installed to increase the carts performance are commonplace these days. Unfortunately, that additional performance requires additional power. The motor is only there to convert electrical energy into kinetic energy (not very efficiently either). High power motors have a lower internal resistance than stock, which in turn draws more current. If you remember from science class, power (in watts) is voltage (E) multiplied by the current (I). Since the voltage cannot go any higher than the 12v 10ah battery 's 48volts (or 36volts), the current increases in order to satisfy the power demand of the motor. Unfortunately, this is where the resistance of the battery cables come into play. As the current increases in a conductor, power is lost in the form of heat at a rate of I2R, where R is the cable resistance. In an ideal cable and to transfer max power, the cable resistance (R) should be zero ohms. Unfortunately all cables have some resistance. The cable resistance causes the voltage to drop (E=IR) and results in lost power to the motor. The solution; increase the size of the battery cables (the larger the cable the less the resistance). Of course, the cable diameter can only be increased within reasonable mechanical size limitations, but that is what is required to reap the full benefits of a high power aftermarket motor. Our example used the locked rotor current to explain the worst case effects. They are less drastic at partial throttle, where the current draw is significantly less. If you want to do the drag racing, burnouts, wheelies and such with your cart though, you will need the bigger cables to supply the required massive inrush of current to the motor. Although the resistance of the cables seems tiny (#6 = 0.00047ohms/ft vs. #2 = 0.00015 ohms/ft), the voltage drop is significant when large currents are present, which will reduce performance. So for the high power motor users out there, use large diameter cables and keep them as short as possible. Size will matter to you.
    199 Posted by sueyx910310
  • For gas powered carts, the cables need only be of sufficient size to operate the starter motor, which is only for a few seconds at a time. So that answer is no, the originally installed cables are plenty sufficient in size. For those of us who have the more plentiful, battery powered carts, the answer is somewhat more complicated. It's nevessary to promote 24v solar charge controller . The short answer for us is, yes and no, depending upon what we expect from the cart or if modifications to the motor or controller have been made.If the cart is absolutely bone stock (all original with no upgrades) and is used primarily as originally intended around the local course, the standard 6 AWG (aka 6 gauge or #6) cables are perfectly fine. Wire (cable) size is measured by a standard called American Wire Gauge or AWG and relates to the diameter or cross sectional area of the copper conductor itself. The smaller the AWG number, the larger the diameter, and hence, larger current carrying capacity. For example, a 2 AWG cable is larger than a 4 AWG which is larger than a 6 AWG. Most cart manufacturers use 6 AWG cables. The finest cables we have found so far are made by MaxiLink.com, which are super flexible and made for extreme duty electric vehicle use.Ok, now for you guys that want better performance, we'll get a little more technical. The maximum current that will ever go through your cables is when the cart is at rest and you mash the gas pedal to the floor. At that point in time, the controller puts out the max power it is capable of, and the motor experiences what is called "locked rotor" current draw, which can be hundreds of amperes. When the motor is in a stalled state, it requires tremendous energy to get it spinning to the rated RPM. If the motor were to stay in the stalled state (if there was some mechanical restraint that would not allow it to turn) the high current would continue to be absorbed by the motor until it actually burned up the windings. Typically though, the motor begins to spin immediately, and the current drops down to 20 or so amperes within a few milliseconds (on a stock cart). There are four things that limit that maximum current; the resistance of the internal windings of the motor, the current capacity of the battery pack, the controller capacity and the resistance of the battery cables. The Battery Pack and Motor windings are pretty much fixed values. Keep these in mind because we will come back to them.Aftermarket "high torque" or "high speed" motors installed to increase the carts performance are commonplace these days. Unfortunately, that additional performance requires additional power. The motor is only there to convert electrical energy into kinetic energy (not very efficiently either). High power motors have a lower internal resistance than stock, which in turn draws more current. If you remember from science class, power (in watts) is voltage (E) multiplied by the current (I). Since the voltage cannot go any higher than the 12v 10ah battery 's 48volts (or 36volts), the current increases in order to satisfy the power demand of the motor. Unfortunately, this is where the resistance of the battery cables come into play. As the current increases in a conductor, power is lost in the form of heat at a rate of I2R, where R is the cable resistance. In an ideal cable and to transfer max power, the cable resistance (R) should be zero ohms. Unfortunately all cables have some resistance. The cable resistance causes the voltage to drop (E=IR) and results in lost power to the motor. The solution; increase the size of the battery cables (the larger the cable the less the resistance). Of course, the cable diameter can only be increased within reasonable mechanical size limitations, but that is what is required to reap the full benefits of a high power aftermarket motor. Our example used the locked rotor current to explain the worst case effects. They are less drastic at partial throttle, where the current draw is significantly less. If you want to do the drag racing, burnouts, wheelies and such with your cart though, you will need the bigger cables to supply the required massive inrush of current to the motor. Although the resistance of the cables seems tiny (#6 = 0.00047ohms/ft vs. #2 = 0.00015 ohms/ft), the voltage drop is significant when large currents are present, which will reduce performance. So for the high power motor users out there, use large diameter cables and keep them as short as possible. Size will matter to you.
    Dec 18, 2014 199
  • 18 Dec 2014
    Halloween is a favorite time of year for many. This tradition comes with the spirit of giving and friendliness abounds. There is something majestic about the colorful lights that are used for decoration. Do you need battery for electric bike ? The battery operated lantern is gaining in popularity every year.In some countries, lights are strung along the roof and the shrubbery. This is sometimes kept out of storage until Christmas. Along with this, the inside of the home is also decorated with a tree and the lights can be strung through the tree. Different colors are available, including green, red, white and blue.However, the electricity bill afterwards can hamper one's excitement tremendously. A new invention brings renewed hope to those who simply cannot afford large bills, those who do not have a plug or those that are unable to use light decorations for any other reason. Manufacturers have made the lights available with battery operated switches.These lights require no cord and no electrical outlet to work. A battery pack is usually attached at the end of the string. It works with AA or Triple A batteries. Some have a removable battery pack which one can move around and place at any convenient spot on the string.The portability is a great benefit. One is able to decorate in a more creative manner, as one is no longer limited to the nearest socket. The extension cords can remain in storage as it will not be needed.The fact that there are no extension cords, means that there are no cords for anyone to trip on. It is also easy to put up and take down and even to move around. Portable storage unit is very popular in the internationa lmarket. Since it uses battery, it does not add to the electricity bill. One is also able to run many more lights than what the outlets in the home allow for. Solar energy lights are also available.
    292 Posted by sueyx910310
  • Halloween is a favorite time of year for many. This tradition comes with the spirit of giving and friendliness abounds. There is something majestic about the colorful lights that are used for decoration. Do you need battery for electric bike ? The battery operated lantern is gaining in popularity every year.In some countries, lights are strung along the roof and the shrubbery. This is sometimes kept out of storage until Christmas. Along with this, the inside of the home is also decorated with a tree and the lights can be strung through the tree. Different colors are available, including green, red, white and blue.However, the electricity bill afterwards can hamper one's excitement tremendously. A new invention brings renewed hope to those who simply cannot afford large bills, those who do not have a plug or those that are unable to use light decorations for any other reason. Manufacturers have made the lights available with battery operated switches.These lights require no cord and no electrical outlet to work. A battery pack is usually attached at the end of the string. It works with AA or Triple A batteries. Some have a removable battery pack which one can move around and place at any convenient spot on the string.The portability is a great benefit. One is able to decorate in a more creative manner, as one is no longer limited to the nearest socket. The extension cords can remain in storage as it will not be needed.The fact that there are no extension cords, means that there are no cords for anyone to trip on. It is also easy to put up and take down and even to move around. Portable storage unit is very popular in the internationa lmarket. Since it uses battery, it does not add to the electricity bill. One is also able to run many more lights than what the outlets in the home allow for. Solar energy lights are also available.
    Dec 18, 2014 292
  • 17 Dec 2014
    Bring a seemingly-dead laptop battery back to life, to a usable condition, although not quite like-new. It could be almost as good as a replacement laptop battery and a lot cheaper than a universal external laptop battery. Using a Freezer, the same place you put your frozen peas and TV dinners, you could restore a dead laptop battery.Simply follow the instructions below and save yourself some money. Are you wondering electric bike battery 48v? It will only cost you the time it takes to complete the list below. So do yourself a favour and do it yourself.1. Place a dead laptop battery in a completely sealed plastic bag.   2. Place the bag and battery in your freezer for between 11-14 hours.   3. Remove the bag from your freezer and allow the battery return to room temperature after taking it out of the bag, this is very important.   4. If your laptop batteries are still damp dry it using a cloth or towel.   5. Place your once dead laptop batteries back into your laptop.   6. Now completely charge your battery then leave it on to discharge it completely. Repeat this step at least 3-4 times.   7. Your dead battery should be much more usable, if not totally restored.Well, consider replacing the internal batteries at a fraction of the cost of the alternatives methods. So, do not condemn your laptop battery to the recycle bin just for the moment. Using this method could see you saving yourself between 30-90% of the cost of your replacement laptop battery. This cheap alternative method is to substitute the batteries inside the battery pack with a brand new set. You first need to remove the battery pack from your laptop. You will then need to open the battery pack carefully, a screwdriver should do the job. Inside you will be confronted with several batteries and a host of wires. A word of warning, if any battery is leaking proceed carefully. If you are not sure then do not continue.Now you will need to make a note of the type of laptop battery you have and exactly, I repeat exactly how it is connected (wired) to each other. Just to be sure you could test your old batteries with a millimeter or similar device to see just what state they are in. If you touch these leaking batteries then dispose of them appropriately and then make sure you wash your hands thoroughly and you're back in business. After confirming that they are in fact dead laptop batteries you will need to order some replacement batteries. To do this ensure the replacement have a higher milliamp value than the old ones, just slightly. When you receive your replacement laptop batteries put the new batteries in the correct positions and replace the wiring so you can do the necessary soldering. Make sure to use the appropriate safety equipment and double check all connections are correct. Once your laptop batteries are in place and everything confirmed you should test them with your millimetre to ensure they are working as expected.Reassemble the laptop battery pack and seal it properly. Re-install the laptop battery into your laptop and start enjoying your laptop's new lease of life. To know more details about the solar power,plz click here: online ups price
    272 Posted by sueyx910310
  • Bring a seemingly-dead laptop battery back to life, to a usable condition, although not quite like-new. It could be almost as good as a replacement laptop battery and a lot cheaper than a universal external laptop battery. Using a Freezer, the same place you put your frozen peas and TV dinners, you could restore a dead laptop battery.Simply follow the instructions below and save yourself some money. Are you wondering electric bike battery 48v? It will only cost you the time it takes to complete the list below. So do yourself a favour and do it yourself.1. Place a dead laptop battery in a completely sealed plastic bag.   2. Place the bag and battery in your freezer for between 11-14 hours.   3. Remove the bag from your freezer and allow the battery return to room temperature after taking it out of the bag, this is very important.   4. If your laptop batteries are still damp dry it using a cloth or towel.   5. Place your once dead laptop batteries back into your laptop.   6. Now completely charge your battery then leave it on to discharge it completely. Repeat this step at least 3-4 times.   7. Your dead battery should be much more usable, if not totally restored.Well, consider replacing the internal batteries at a fraction of the cost of the alternatives methods. So, do not condemn your laptop battery to the recycle bin just for the moment. Using this method could see you saving yourself between 30-90% of the cost of your replacement laptop battery. This cheap alternative method is to substitute the batteries inside the battery pack with a brand new set. You first need to remove the battery pack from your laptop. You will then need to open the battery pack carefully, a screwdriver should do the job. Inside you will be confronted with several batteries and a host of wires. A word of warning, if any battery is leaking proceed carefully. If you are not sure then do not continue.Now you will need to make a note of the type of laptop battery you have and exactly, I repeat exactly how it is connected (wired) to each other. Just to be sure you could test your old batteries with a millimeter or similar device to see just what state they are in. If you touch these leaking batteries then dispose of them appropriately and then make sure you wash your hands thoroughly and you're back in business. After confirming that they are in fact dead laptop batteries you will need to order some replacement batteries. To do this ensure the replacement have a higher milliamp value than the old ones, just slightly. When you receive your replacement laptop batteries put the new batteries in the correct positions and replace the wiring so you can do the necessary soldering. Make sure to use the appropriate safety equipment and double check all connections are correct. Once your laptop batteries are in place and everything confirmed you should test them with your millimetre to ensure they are working as expected.Reassemble the laptop battery pack and seal it properly. Re-install the laptop battery into your laptop and start enjoying your laptop's new lease of life. To know more details about the solar power,plz click here: online ups price
    Dec 17, 2014 272
  • 16 Dec 2014
    img source: 36v electric bike battery The growing threat of global warming and the depletion of fossil fuels has forced the auto industry to venture in the development of auto technologies which will reduce dependence on fossil fuels. One technology being explored by car manufacturers is the possible advent of electric cars.Currently, the auto industry has successfully developed hybrid electric vehicles and fully-electric vehicles as well. These vehicles use an electric motor to aid the vehicle's internal combustion engine. One major issue being faced by the auto industry when it comes to the construction of hybrid electric and even fully-electric vehicles is the battery pack which a vehicle needs to have so as to get and store power.To address the issue, car manufacturers are partnering with other companies outside the auto industry to develop better battery packs for electric cars. One car company which has expressed its dedication to the development of better battery packs is the Japanese car company Nissan. The company recently announced that they have formed an alliance with NEC Tokin, which is a subsidiary of NEC, to develop highly efficient lithium-ion batteries for automotive application.The partnership aims to make the electric cars more practical. A problem being faced by the electric car technology is the cost of production. If a partnership such as this can find a way to make an electric car's battery cheaper, then electric cars can be within the reach of an even larger number of consumers.The partnership between two of Japan's biggest companies will work on the safety and stability of lithium-ion batteries. This kind of battery is seen as a better alternative to the nickel-metal hydride batteries which is being widely used currently. Lithium-ion batteries weigh less than nickel-metal hydride batteries. It is also more powerful than Ni-MH batteries. In fact, lithium-ion batteries are half the size of nickel-metal hydride batteries but they can store twice as much power as the Ni-MH battery. This battery pack can efficiently power an electric car or its amenities such as power windows controlled by a Nissan window switch.Investing in the development of an advanced battery pack will positively affect Nissan. After all, it is predicted that the rechargeable car battery market will experience a surge in the near future. The expected expansion of the said market will be the effect of the advent of electric cars. It can be expected that as car manufacturers come up with ways to bring the cost of production, the public will certainly buy these environment friendly vehicles.Car manufacturers are already developing plug-in hybrid cars which show that the future of electric cars is coming pretty soon.Ryan Thomas is a native of Denver, Colorado. He grew up in a family of car afficionados. He now resides in Detroit where he owns a service shop and works part time as a consultant for a local automotive magazine. You can visit Nissan window switch for more information. Visit the site deals with custom off grid inverter . There are rechargeable as well as non-rechargeable batteries in lithium, zinc, silver iodide and NiMH. Visit the site for more information.
    290 Posted by sueyx910310
  • img source: 36v electric bike battery The growing threat of global warming and the depletion of fossil fuels has forced the auto industry to venture in the development of auto technologies which will reduce dependence on fossil fuels. One technology being explored by car manufacturers is the possible advent of electric cars.Currently, the auto industry has successfully developed hybrid electric vehicles and fully-electric vehicles as well. These vehicles use an electric motor to aid the vehicle's internal combustion engine. One major issue being faced by the auto industry when it comes to the construction of hybrid electric and even fully-electric vehicles is the battery pack which a vehicle needs to have so as to get and store power.To address the issue, car manufacturers are partnering with other companies outside the auto industry to develop better battery packs for electric cars. One car company which has expressed its dedication to the development of better battery packs is the Japanese car company Nissan. The company recently announced that they have formed an alliance with NEC Tokin, which is a subsidiary of NEC, to develop highly efficient lithium-ion batteries for automotive application.The partnership aims to make the electric cars more practical. A problem being faced by the electric car technology is the cost of production. If a partnership such as this can find a way to make an electric car's battery cheaper, then electric cars can be within the reach of an even larger number of consumers.The partnership between two of Japan's biggest companies will work on the safety and stability of lithium-ion batteries. This kind of battery is seen as a better alternative to the nickel-metal hydride batteries which is being widely used currently. Lithium-ion batteries weigh less than nickel-metal hydride batteries. It is also more powerful than Ni-MH batteries. In fact, lithium-ion batteries are half the size of nickel-metal hydride batteries but they can store twice as much power as the Ni-MH battery. This battery pack can efficiently power an electric car or its amenities such as power windows controlled by a Nissan window switch.Investing in the development of an advanced battery pack will positively affect Nissan. After all, it is predicted that the rechargeable car battery market will experience a surge in the near future. The expected expansion of the said market will be the effect of the advent of electric cars. It can be expected that as car manufacturers come up with ways to bring the cost of production, the public will certainly buy these environment friendly vehicles.Car manufacturers are already developing plug-in hybrid cars which show that the future of electric cars is coming pretty soon.Ryan Thomas is a native of Denver, Colorado. He grew up in a family of car afficionados. He now resides in Detroit where he owns a service shop and works part time as a consultant for a local automotive magazine. You can visit Nissan window switch for more information. Visit the site deals with custom off grid inverter . There are rechargeable as well as non-rechargeable batteries in lithium, zinc, silver iodide and NiMH. Visit the site for more information.
    Dec 16, 2014 290
  • 11 Dec 2014
    Energy storage systems are perhaps among the key links in the present day power systems. Along with their help, inconsistent power supply extracted from solar plants and wind generators might be stored to be used later.In the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) is an ongoing installation of a multitude of preliminary plants of photovoltaic, mini wind parks, in conjunction with lithium-ion batteries, which actually aim to demonstrate the best way to erase the peaks inside the network and also just how very soon will look one regenerative energy source. Are you interested in 3KW UPS ? Lithium-ion batteries has already been safely and effectively incorporated in several energy systems and they have the ability to accumulate energy obtained from solar-energy plants or wind power generators just before being forced to be aimed at clients.As reported by scientists from the KIT, when using the batteries can be easy and peaks in creation or usage, so they are applicable from an financial viewpoint. For this purpose, at the college of KIT combined system will be installed which has a full mounted capacity of 50 kW.New sort of wind parks that are primarily projected for zones with less strong winds are going to supplement production from photovoltaic solar panels, specifically within the winter season.In the first part of the project, the production of power should be good enough to cover the annual energy preferences of smaller sized plant.In long term, the final results gathered from this investigation will just be used to form small home energy storage systems, and large-scale manufacturing structures.Besides the batteries, possibly one of the key ingredients for energy storage systems are also computerized gadgets used to regulate the charging and discharging, which generally takes only two hours. This allows these systems to be utilized as a short-term supply of energy for balancing energy peaks.For the time of lower demand, energy from solar and wind platforms are kept in the batteries, and the moment usage grows up, system begins to consume saved energy extracted from batteries.From an economic point of view, battery discharge at the hours of darkness is very valuable, mostly since there could be an increased usage in that period. Control over the interaction of the photo voltaic cells, wind power generators, storage system and distribution network is a substantial test for us.Such a system can be managed 24/7, 365 days a year, and information we'll gather here, we will utilize in the future once we design platforms in the industry - says Andreas Gutsch, the project coordinator.Precision control over operations is essential to developing a steady power system, as well as appropriate and lasting operation of lithium-ion batteries, and thus allows for long lasting energy and economic productivity of the entire system.In-spite of the high cost of these batteries, this way of functioning can certainly be useful and nowadays, primarily in locations where the distribution network is quite unstable. Go to 12v 120ah battery
    367 Posted by sueyx910310
  • Energy storage systems are perhaps among the key links in the present day power systems. Along with their help, inconsistent power supply extracted from solar plants and wind generators might be stored to be used later.In the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) is an ongoing installation of a multitude of preliminary plants of photovoltaic, mini wind parks, in conjunction with lithium-ion batteries, which actually aim to demonstrate the best way to erase the peaks inside the network and also just how very soon will look one regenerative energy source. Are you interested in 3KW UPS ? Lithium-ion batteries has already been safely and effectively incorporated in several energy systems and they have the ability to accumulate energy obtained from solar-energy plants or wind power generators just before being forced to be aimed at clients.As reported by scientists from the KIT, when using the batteries can be easy and peaks in creation or usage, so they are applicable from an financial viewpoint. For this purpose, at the college of KIT combined system will be installed which has a full mounted capacity of 50 kW.New sort of wind parks that are primarily projected for zones with less strong winds are going to supplement production from photovoltaic solar panels, specifically within the winter season.In the first part of the project, the production of power should be good enough to cover the annual energy preferences of smaller sized plant.In long term, the final results gathered from this investigation will just be used to form small home energy storage systems, and large-scale manufacturing structures.Besides the batteries, possibly one of the key ingredients for energy storage systems are also computerized gadgets used to regulate the charging and discharging, which generally takes only two hours. This allows these systems to be utilized as a short-term supply of energy for balancing energy peaks.For the time of lower demand, energy from solar and wind platforms are kept in the batteries, and the moment usage grows up, system begins to consume saved energy extracted from batteries.From an economic point of view, battery discharge at the hours of darkness is very valuable, mostly since there could be an increased usage in that period. Control over the interaction of the photo voltaic cells, wind power generators, storage system and distribution network is a substantial test for us.Such a system can be managed 24/7, 365 days a year, and information we'll gather here, we will utilize in the future once we design platforms in the industry - says Andreas Gutsch, the project coordinator.Precision control over operations is essential to developing a steady power system, as well as appropriate and lasting operation of lithium-ion batteries, and thus allows for long lasting energy and economic productivity of the entire system.In-spite of the high cost of these batteries, this way of functioning can certainly be useful and nowadays, primarily in locations where the distribution network is quite unstable. Go to 12v 120ah battery
    Dec 11, 2014 367
  • 03 Dec 2014
      Basic setting method and steps① Turn on ignition switch and not start engine.(Take Santana 3000 as an example to illustrate matching process)②Connect F3-D truck scanner (use OBD-II connector), select and click VW Audi, the screen will display as below: Pls select Version V7.2 V7.0 ③ Click V7.2(note: high version of software fully compatible to low version of software, if software version not high enough, pls upgrade timely),the screen shows as below Pls select version V7.2 V7.0 Openning. . .   ④ After open V7.2,the screen shows as below: VW Audi diagnostic system VW Audi diagnostic system   ⑤ Click VW Audi system, the screen will show as below: VW Audi diagnostic system General system Power system Chassis Comfort system Electronic system Function scanning Address code direct access ⑥ Click General system, the screen will show as below: General system 01- Engine 02- Automatic transmission 03- ABS 08- Air conditioning 09- Central electric control system 15- Airbag 16- Electronic steering wheel 17- Combination instrument panel (anti-theft) 18- Additional/auxiliary heating system 19- Gateway 22- 4-wheel drive ⑦ Click 01-engine,then screen will show as below: Audi KWP system function 01- Read vehicle computer model Read DTC Clear DTC 03- Component control test Read Data Stream 04- Basic setting 07- Controller coding 10- Adjust 11- Login Adaptive value clear ⑧ First read engine DTC, after confirming no DTC, click 04-basic setting and the screen will show as below:               ⑨After enter Channel No.060 in input box, click Confirm then screen shown below(Note: Item 4 shows Adaptive running means throttle and engine computer are matching, when it finished, it will shows Adaptive finished) After matching finished, press Back button to logout and then turn off ignition switch. Then turn on ignition switch and start engine to verify the matching effect. ⑩ If prompt error in the process of matching, mainly because of the following several reasons:  ●Channel No. input error, pls see the last content of this book to choose the appropriate channel No..     ●This vehicle without this function: If match SANTANA Gli, this vehicle originally cannot be matched with scanner  ●Throttle control unit or wire damage  ●Engine at running state, pls flameout, turn on ignition swtich  ●Throttle not reach idle stop(Carbon deposit or throttle cable adjustment improper)  ●Battery voltage too low;  ●Throttle control unit or wire damage;  ●Throttle stuck;  ●Starting engine or step on accelerator pedal during adaptive.  A⑾ After matching interruption, fault”17967”or “17973”will be saved in fault memory. Next time when turn on ignition switch, it will automatically perform basic setting.For Example: Throttle basic setting of Jetta CiX(duel valve) A⑿ ACommon VW throttle matching channel No.001Small Red Flag 488,Passat B4,Audi(100,200,V6 etc. old models)098Santana Gsi ,Passat B5(1.8),Jetta(5 valve),Audi(A6,V6)060 Jetta CiX(2 valve), A6(1.8,1.8T,2.4,2.8),Passat B5(1.8T,2.8),BORA, POLO Notes: After cleaning, adjusting and replacing throttle body; to realize kickdown function of automatic transmission, you need to perform engine computer matching as well as automatic transmission matching; Matching method as below: Connect to Fcar F3 1. Connect with Fcar 2. Turn on ignition switch, select “02 automatic transmission” 3. Read and clear DTC, and ensure no DTC saved in control unit; 4. Don’t touch engine accelerator pedal; 5. Select"04 basic setting" 6. Input channel No. "000" to confirm; 7. Step on accelerator pedal to floor and keep 3 seconds; 8. Logout, and release accelerator pedal. Note: For some new VW/Audi vehicles, the channel cannot be used when enter into automatic transmission control system.  Here must perform adjustment setting in "01-engine control system ", its channel No. is"063". Adaptive of throttle and automatic transmission computer is maily the above 2 methods.
    429 Posted by www.fcar.com
  •   Basic setting method and steps① Turn on ignition switch and not start engine.(Take Santana 3000 as an example to illustrate matching process)②Connect F3-D truck scanner (use OBD-II connector), select and click VW Audi, the screen will display as below: Pls select Version V7.2 V7.0 ③ Click V7.2(note: high version of software fully compatible to low version of software, if software version not high enough, pls upgrade timely),the screen shows as below Pls select version V7.2 V7.0 Openning. . .   ④ After open V7.2,the screen shows as below: VW Audi diagnostic system VW Audi diagnostic system   ⑤ Click VW Audi system, the screen will show as below: VW Audi diagnostic system General system Power system Chassis Comfort system Electronic system Function scanning Address code direct access ⑥ Click General system, the screen will show as below: General system 01- Engine 02- Automatic transmission 03- ABS 08- Air conditioning 09- Central electric control system 15- Airbag 16- Electronic steering wheel 17- Combination instrument panel (anti-theft) 18- Additional/auxiliary heating system 19- Gateway 22- 4-wheel drive ⑦ Click 01-engine,then screen will show as below: Audi KWP system function 01- Read vehicle computer model Read DTC Clear DTC 03- Component control test Read Data Stream 04- Basic setting 07- Controller coding 10- Adjust 11- Login Adaptive value clear ⑧ First read engine DTC, after confirming no DTC, click 04-basic setting and the screen will show as below:               ⑨After enter Channel No.060 in input box, click Confirm then screen shown below(Note: Item 4 shows Adaptive running means throttle and engine computer are matching, when it finished, it will shows Adaptive finished) After matching finished, press Back button to logout and then turn off ignition switch. Then turn on ignition switch and start engine to verify the matching effect. ⑩ If prompt error in the process of matching, mainly because of the following several reasons:  ●Channel No. input error, pls see the last content of this book to choose the appropriate channel No..     ●This vehicle without this function: If match SANTANA Gli, this vehicle originally cannot be matched with scanner  ●Throttle control unit or wire damage  ●Engine at running state, pls flameout, turn on ignition swtich  ●Throttle not reach idle stop(Carbon deposit or throttle cable adjustment improper)  ●Battery voltage too low;  ●Throttle control unit or wire damage;  ●Throttle stuck;  ●Starting engine or step on accelerator pedal during adaptive.  A⑾ After matching interruption, fault”17967”or “17973”will be saved in fault memory. Next time when turn on ignition switch, it will automatically perform basic setting.For Example: Throttle basic setting of Jetta CiX(duel valve) A⑿ ACommon VW throttle matching channel No.001Small Red Flag 488,Passat B4,Audi(100,200,V6 etc. old models)098Santana Gsi ,Passat B5(1.8),Jetta(5 valve),Audi(A6,V6)060 Jetta CiX(2 valve), A6(1.8,1.8T,2.4,2.8),Passat B5(1.8T,2.8),BORA, POLO Notes: After cleaning, adjusting and replacing throttle body; to realize kickdown function of automatic transmission, you need to perform engine computer matching as well as automatic transmission matching; Matching method as below: Connect to Fcar F3 1. Connect with Fcar 2. Turn on ignition switch, select “02 automatic transmission” 3. Read and clear DTC, and ensure no DTC saved in control unit; 4. Don’t touch engine accelerator pedal; 5. Select"04 basic setting" 6. Input channel No. "000" to confirm; 7. Step on accelerator pedal to floor and keep 3 seconds; 8. Logout, and release accelerator pedal. Note: For some new VW/Audi vehicles, the channel cannot be used when enter into automatic transmission control system.  Here must perform adjustment setting in "01-engine control system ", its channel No. is"063". Adaptive of throttle and automatic transmission computer is maily the above 2 methods.
    Dec 03, 2014 429
  • 21 Nov 2014
    Ketika rekomendasi cloud dedicated server muda dan terutama tato merayakan berhala dan sebagainya, menyenangkan klip ini hanya begitu baik Rekomendasi untuk Cloud Dedicated Server Terbaik dan Termurah di Indonesia ; =) Dan apa yang kita pelajari dari hal ini? Nah, berhati-hatilah dengan apa yang Anda tato. Rekomendasi untuk Cloud Dedicated Server Terbaik dan Termurah di Indonesia punya waktu terjemahan: Pia telah benar-benar berhati-hati untuk memilih tato bahwa dia tahu jauh di dalam hatinya dia masih akan menghargai ketika ia mencapai usia 70 tahun. Bernyanyi di depan orkestra simfoni besar besar di Stockholm dan bagaimana saya lama untuk minggu depan dan konser keberadaan saya akan melakukannya lagi. Perasaan "kagum" berdiri di depan semua musisi ini menakjubkan dan paduan suara Injil, alat bantu dengar mereka memainkan lagu-lagu di sebuah interpretasi yang indah dan saya pikir kinerja ini begitu menakjubkan ketika Anda mendengar mereka bermain dua lagu dan saya juga tahu mereka pikir itu sangat menyenangkan Rekomendasi untuk Cloud Dedicated Server Terbaik dan Termurah di Indonesia! Dan begitu juga Rekomendasi untuk Cloud Dedicated Server Terbaik dan Termurah di Indonesia. Rekomendasi untuk Cloud Dedicated Server Terbaik dan Termurah di Indonesia ketika saya masih jauh lebih muda, aku adalah penyanyi di Big Band dan itu juga sangat menyenangkan! Musik dengan alat nyata, bermain tanpa backing track dan melakukan "nyata" hal hidup, hanya begitu langka dan karena itu istimewa hari ini; =)
    365 Posted by Van Veen
  • Ketika rekomendasi cloud dedicated server muda dan terutama tato merayakan berhala dan sebagainya, menyenangkan klip ini hanya begitu baik Rekomendasi untuk Cloud Dedicated Server Terbaik dan Termurah di Indonesia ; =) Dan apa yang kita pelajari dari hal ini? Nah, berhati-hatilah dengan apa yang Anda tato. Rekomendasi untuk Cloud Dedicated Server Terbaik dan Termurah di Indonesia punya waktu terjemahan: Pia telah benar-benar berhati-hati untuk memilih tato bahwa dia tahu jauh di dalam hatinya dia masih akan menghargai ketika ia mencapai usia 70 tahun. Bernyanyi di depan orkestra simfoni besar besar di Stockholm dan bagaimana saya lama untuk minggu depan dan konser keberadaan saya akan melakukannya lagi. Perasaan "kagum" berdiri di depan semua musisi ini menakjubkan dan paduan suara Injil, alat bantu dengar mereka memainkan lagu-lagu di sebuah interpretasi yang indah dan saya pikir kinerja ini begitu menakjubkan ketika Anda mendengar mereka bermain dua lagu dan saya juga tahu mereka pikir itu sangat menyenangkan Rekomendasi untuk Cloud Dedicated Server Terbaik dan Termurah di Indonesia! Dan begitu juga Rekomendasi untuk Cloud Dedicated Server Terbaik dan Termurah di Indonesia. Rekomendasi untuk Cloud Dedicated Server Terbaik dan Termurah di Indonesia ketika saya masih jauh lebih muda, aku adalah penyanyi di Big Band dan itu juga sangat menyenangkan! Musik dengan alat nyata, bermain tanpa backing track dan melakukan "nyata" hal hidup, hanya begitu langka dan karena itu istimewa hari ini; =)
    Nov 21, 2014 365
  • 18 Nov 2014
    VW Throttle Matching:www.fcar.com Instruction: Throttle adjustment matching applies to VW vehicles with electronic throttle and without electronic throttle engine system. Santana GLi not in matching range. 1) Basic setting content: when turn on ignition switch; you can carry out adaptive of throttle control unit and engine control unit 2) In the following cases, adaptive must be performed:      ●Power supply interruption      ●Dismounting throttle control unit   ●Replace throttle control unit   ●Replace engine   ●Replace engine control unit 3) Conditions for Basic setting  ● No fault in fault memory  ● 11.5V Battery voltage no less than 11.5V  ● Close all accessories    ●Throttle should be in idle position    ●Engine coolant temperature greater than 85 ℃ 4)Basic setting method and steps ① Turn on ignition switch and not start engine.(Take Santana 3000 as an example to illustrate matching process) ②Connect F3-D scanner (use OBD-II connector), select and click VW Audi, the screen will display as below: Pls select Version V7.2 V7.0 ③ Click V7.2(note: high version of software fully compatible to low version of software, if software version not high enough, pls upgrade timely),the screen shows as below Pls select version V7.2 V7.0 Openning. . . ④ After open V7.2,the screen shows as below: VW Audi diagnostic system VW Audi diagnostic system ⑤ Click VW Audi system, the screen will show as below: VW Audi diagnostic system General system Power system Chassis Comfort system Electronic system Function scanning Address code direct access ⑥ Click General system, the screen will show as below: General system 01- Engine 02- Automatic transmission 03- ABS 08- Air conditioning 09- Central electric control system 15- Airbag 16- Electronic steering wheel 17- Combination instrument panel (anti-theft) 18- Additional/auxiliary heating system 19- Gateway 22- 4-wheel drive ⑦ Click 01-engine,then screen will show as below: Audi KWP system function 01- Read vehicle computer model Read DTC Clear DTC 03- Component control test Read Data Stream 04- Basic setting 07- Controller coding 10- Adjust 11- Login Adaptive value clear ⑧ First read engine DTC, after confirming no DTC, click 04-basic setting and the screen will show as below:              ⑨After enter Channel No.060 in input box, click Confirm then screen shown below(Note: Item 4 shows Adaptive running means throttle and engine computer are matching, when it finished, it will shows Adaptive finished) After matching finished, press Back button to logout and then turn off ignition switch. Then turn on ignition switch and start engine to verify the matching effect. ⑩ If prompt error in the process of matching, mainly because of the following several reasons:  ●Channel No. input error, pls see the last content of this book to choose the appropriate channel No..     ●This vehicle without this function: If match SANTANA Gli, this vehicle originally cannot be matched with scanner  ●Throttle control unit or wire damage  ●Engine at running state, pls flameout, turn on ignition swtich  ●Throttle not reach idle stop(Carbon deposit or throttle cable adjustment improper)  ●Battery voltage too low;  ●Throttle control unit or wire damage;  ●Throttle stuck;  ●Starting engine or step on accelerator pedal during adaptive.  A⑾ After matching interruption, fault”17967”or “17973”will be saved in fault memory. Next time when turn on ignition switch, it will automatically perform basic setting. For Example: Throttle basic setting of Jetta CiX(duel valve) A⑿ ACommon VW throttle matching channel No. 001 Small Red Flag 488,Passat B4,Audi(100,200,V6 etc. old models) 098 Santana Gsi ,Passat B5(1.8),Jetta(5 valve),Audi(A6,V6) 060 Jetta CiX(2 valve), A6(1.8,1.8T,2.4,2.8),Passat B5(1.8T,2.8),BORA, POLO Notes: After cleaning, adjusting and replacing throttle body; to realize kickdown function of automatic transmission, you need to perform engine computer matching as well as automatic transmission matching; Matching method as below: Connect to Fcar F3 1. Connect with Fcar 2. Turn on ignition switch, select “02 automatic transmission” 3. Read and clear DTC, and ensure no DTC saved in control unit; 4. Don’t touch engine accelerator pedal; 5. Select"04 basic setting" 6. Input channel No. "000" to confirm; 7. Step on accelerator pedal to floor and keep 3 seconds; 8. Logout, and release accelerator pedal. Note: For some new VW/Audi vehicles, the channel cannot be used when enter into automatic transmission control system. Here must perform adjustment setting in "01-engine control system ", its channel No. is"063". Adaptive of throttle and automatic transmission computer is maily the above 2 methods.
    453 Posted by www.fcar.com
  • VW Throttle Matching:www.fcar.com Instruction: Throttle adjustment matching applies to VW vehicles with electronic throttle and without electronic throttle engine system. Santana GLi not in matching range. 1) Basic setting content: when turn on ignition switch; you can carry out adaptive of throttle control unit and engine control unit 2) In the following cases, adaptive must be performed:      ●Power supply interruption      ●Dismounting throttle control unit   ●Replace throttle control unit   ●Replace engine   ●Replace engine control unit 3) Conditions for Basic setting  ● No fault in fault memory  ● 11.5V Battery voltage no less than 11.5V  ● Close all accessories    ●Throttle should be in idle position    ●Engine coolant temperature greater than 85 ℃ 4)Basic setting method and steps ① Turn on ignition switch and not start engine.(Take Santana 3000 as an example to illustrate matching process) ②Connect F3-D scanner (use OBD-II connector), select and click VW Audi, the screen will display as below: Pls select Version V7.2 V7.0 ③ Click V7.2(note: high version of software fully compatible to low version of software, if software version not high enough, pls upgrade timely),the screen shows as below Pls select version V7.2 V7.0 Openning. . . ④ After open V7.2,the screen shows as below: VW Audi diagnostic system VW Audi diagnostic system ⑤ Click VW Audi system, the screen will show as below: VW Audi diagnostic system General system Power system Chassis Comfort system Electronic system Function scanning Address code direct access ⑥ Click General system, the screen will show as below: General system 01- Engine 02- Automatic transmission 03- ABS 08- Air conditioning 09- Central electric control system 15- Airbag 16- Electronic steering wheel 17- Combination instrument panel (anti-theft) 18- Additional/auxiliary heating system 19- Gateway 22- 4-wheel drive ⑦ Click 01-engine,then screen will show as below: Audi KWP system function 01- Read vehicle computer model Read DTC Clear DTC 03- Component control test Read Data Stream 04- Basic setting 07- Controller coding 10- Adjust 11- Login Adaptive value clear ⑧ First read engine DTC, after confirming no DTC, click 04-basic setting and the screen will show as below:              ⑨After enter Channel No.060 in input box, click Confirm then screen shown below(Note: Item 4 shows Adaptive running means throttle and engine computer are matching, when it finished, it will shows Adaptive finished) After matching finished, press Back button to logout and then turn off ignition switch. Then turn on ignition switch and start engine to verify the matching effect. ⑩ If prompt error in the process of matching, mainly because of the following several reasons:  ●Channel No. input error, pls see the last content of this book to choose the appropriate channel No..     ●This vehicle without this function: If match SANTANA Gli, this vehicle originally cannot be matched with scanner  ●Throttle control unit or wire damage  ●Engine at running state, pls flameout, turn on ignition swtich  ●Throttle not reach idle stop(Carbon deposit or throttle cable adjustment improper)  ●Battery voltage too low;  ●Throttle control unit or wire damage;  ●Throttle stuck;  ●Starting engine or step on accelerator pedal during adaptive.  A⑾ After matching interruption, fault”17967”or “17973”will be saved in fault memory. Next time when turn on ignition switch, it will automatically perform basic setting. For Example: Throttle basic setting of Jetta CiX(duel valve) A⑿ ACommon VW throttle matching channel No. 001 Small Red Flag 488,Passat B4,Audi(100,200,V6 etc. old models) 098 Santana Gsi ,Passat B5(1.8),Jetta(5 valve),Audi(A6,V6) 060 Jetta CiX(2 valve), A6(1.8,1.8T,2.4,2.8),Passat B5(1.8T,2.8),BORA, POLO Notes: After cleaning, adjusting and replacing throttle body; to realize kickdown function of automatic transmission, you need to perform engine computer matching as well as automatic transmission matching; Matching method as below: Connect to Fcar F3 1. Connect with Fcar 2. Turn on ignition switch, select “02 automatic transmission” 3. Read and clear DTC, and ensure no DTC saved in control unit; 4. Don’t touch engine accelerator pedal; 5. Select"04 basic setting" 6. Input channel No. "000" to confirm; 7. Step on accelerator pedal to floor and keep 3 seconds; 8. Logout, and release accelerator pedal. Note: For some new VW/Audi vehicles, the channel cannot be used when enter into automatic transmission control system. Here must perform adjustment setting in "01-engine control system ", its channel No. is"063". Adaptive of throttle and automatic transmission computer is maily the above 2 methods.
    Nov 18, 2014 453
  • 30 Oct 2014
    Packers and Movers in Chandigarh   Packers along with movers Bangalore targeted companies are commonly often competent at cope with by way of the actual satisfying coordination. Most of these government bodies overall the actual change reasonable guaranteeing persons are able to get go easy around the brand-new location. Most of these government bodies create the actual persons far from a lot of difficulties. Movers along with packers Bangalore targeted corporations achieve spot to location you will want to windup the actual change successfully. They are able to payment cost-effective importance designed for making the actual move ahead straightforward. And so simply get the real firms around the exclusive useful corporations designed for making the actual move ahead trustworthy along with risk-free. Fully gratifying so that you can Packers Movers Bangalore. We've been one significant packer along with movers within Bangalore. We've been displaying these organizations not only within Bangalore together with exclusive major communities connected with Bangalore. We've been skilled to support people about center change in addition to about long-distance. We've been displaying superior exceptional along with in reality pro corporations simply by economy fantastic expenditures. Changing create people consider awful exhibited you get out there difficulties connected with duties. Those who don’t would like to services the actual perform connected with move ahead they have to maybe be talk with the actual identified transporting over corporations. You could learn quantity of corporations affecting economy that really assist the actual clientele far from a lot of concerns. Most of these government bodies services the overall culpability on the run working together with persons. They are able to manage all of your recent measures to the sum until in the long run these sorts of change instantly obtain easy. Most of these corporations start using a foolproof approach even though seen just by they're going to overall the entire measures.   Packers and Movers Chandigarh   Resource: http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-chandigarh/
    290 Posted by shashi
  • shashiBy shashi
    Packers and Movers in Chandigarh   Packers along with movers Bangalore targeted companies are commonly often competent at cope with by way of the actual satisfying coordination. Most of these government bodies overall the actual change reasonable guaranteeing persons are able to get go easy around the brand-new location. Most of these government bodies create the actual persons far from a lot of difficulties. Movers along with packers Bangalore targeted corporations achieve spot to location you will want to windup the actual change successfully. They are able to payment cost-effective importance designed for making the actual move ahead straightforward. And so simply get the real firms around the exclusive useful corporations designed for making the actual move ahead trustworthy along with risk-free. Fully gratifying so that you can Packers Movers Bangalore. We've been one significant packer along with movers within Bangalore. We've been displaying these organizations not only within Bangalore together with exclusive major communities connected with Bangalore. We've been skilled to support people about center change in addition to about long-distance. We've been displaying superior exceptional along with in reality pro corporations simply by economy fantastic expenditures. Changing create people consider awful exhibited you get out there difficulties connected with duties. Those who don’t would like to services the actual perform connected with move ahead they have to maybe be talk with the actual identified transporting over corporations. You could learn quantity of corporations affecting economy that really assist the actual clientele far from a lot of concerns. Most of these government bodies services the overall culpability on the run working together with persons. They are able to manage all of your recent measures to the sum until in the long run these sorts of change instantly obtain easy. Most of these corporations start using a foolproof approach even though seen just by they're going to overall the entire measures.   Packers and Movers Chandigarh   Resource: http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-chandigarh/
    Oct 30, 2014 290
  • 22 Oct 2014
    Public data line is used for connection to F3-D truck scanner, Data line is used for communication with ECU as well as information communication with other vehicle electronic devices, such as electronic instrument panel and other devices. Some engines have two public data lines: one is in the whole wiring harness (engine side data line); another is separated from ECU harness, normally locate in cab. Pic.4-33 shows the data lines of early electronically controlled engine. They all have a rectangular 12-pin connector. There are 3 kinds of special harness that used for different type of diagnostic data connector, when troubleshooting, maintenance technician connect appropriate diagnostic plug to diagnostic data connector, and then can download fault code saved in ECU memory. New type of electronically controlled engines all adopt standard SAE data line as shown in Pic.4-34(b).The connection of 6-pin connector is as below, when detect communication failure between pin and truck diagnostic tool, you can measure voltage of this pin with digimer.                                  Pic.4-33 (a). Used for connection with engine, vehicle diagnostic socket and Fcar F3-D truck diagnostic tool, 6-pin socket and 9-pin socket.                               Pic.4-34 (b).Standard SAE 6-pin German-made connector A——data line(十);voltage normally between 2.5~5V. B——data line(—);voltage normally between 0~2.5V. C——Battery(12V or 24V);12V  Electric System are different from 24V Electric System, normally between 10~27V. D——open circuit;voltage normally between 4~5V E——Cylinder body ground;0V F——Unused. F3-D heavy truck diagnostic scanner can diagnose all kinds of diesel control systems quickly and easily, especially available for China, Europe, America, Japan and Korea and so on,build-in high/low speed CAN-Bus to satisfy all Can-Bus vehicles; Coverage: MAN, Mitsubishi Fuso, Scania, ISUZU,  MACK, HINO, VOLOV, DAF, Astra, Detroit, BENZ, NISSAN UD, Catepillar, Renault,...and most of CHINA Heavy duty trucks , BUS......... Bosch, Cummins, Catepillar, Denso, Siemens, Motorola, Zexel, VITO, NanYue, Delphi, Wabco……
    362 Posted by www.fcar.com
  • Public data line is used for connection to F3-D truck scanner, Data line is used for communication with ECU as well as information communication with other vehicle electronic devices, such as electronic instrument panel and other devices. Some engines have two public data lines: one is in the whole wiring harness (engine side data line); another is separated from ECU harness, normally locate in cab. Pic.4-33 shows the data lines of early electronically controlled engine. They all have a rectangular 12-pin connector. There are 3 kinds of special harness that used for different type of diagnostic data connector, when troubleshooting, maintenance technician connect appropriate diagnostic plug to diagnostic data connector, and then can download fault code saved in ECU memory. New type of electronically controlled engines all adopt standard SAE data line as shown in Pic.4-34(b).The connection of 6-pin connector is as below, when detect communication failure between pin and truck diagnostic tool, you can measure voltage of this pin with digimer.                                  Pic.4-33 (a). Used for connection with engine, vehicle diagnostic socket and Fcar F3-D truck diagnostic tool, 6-pin socket and 9-pin socket.                               Pic.4-34 (b).Standard SAE 6-pin German-made connector A——data line(十);voltage normally between 2.5~5V. B——data line(—);voltage normally between 0~2.5V. C——Battery(12V or 24V);12V  Electric System are different from 24V Electric System, normally between 10~27V. D——open circuit;voltage normally between 4~5V E——Cylinder body ground;0V F——Unused. F3-D heavy truck diagnostic scanner can diagnose all kinds of diesel control systems quickly and easily, especially available for China, Europe, America, Japan and Korea and so on,build-in high/low speed CAN-Bus to satisfy all Can-Bus vehicles; Coverage: MAN, Mitsubishi Fuso, Scania, ISUZU,  MACK, HINO, VOLOV, DAF, Astra, Detroit, BENZ, NISSAN UD, Catepillar, Renault,...and most of CHINA Heavy duty trucks , BUS......... Bosch, Cummins, Catepillar, Denso, Siemens, Motorola, Zexel, VITO, NanYue, Delphi, Wabco……
    Oct 22, 2014 362
  • 10 Oct 2014
    1#:K line; 2#:K line; 3#:K line; GND:Ground wire(negative); 6#:CAN‐H; 7#:RSR232+, J1708+, K line;8#:K line; 9#:K line; 10#:K line; 11#:K line; 12#:K line; 13#:K line; 14#:CAN‐L; 15#:RSR232‐, K line, J1708‐, L line VCC: power line(Positive); POWER:Power indicator. Remark: If lack of vehicle electrical equipment knowledge or unable to confirm electrical equipment power supply, please don’t operate jumper, for error operation of jumper may lead to malfunction of electrical failure or FCAR F3-D main unit and wire.                                                            Pic. 4‐39    (Auto diagnostic socket related information reconfirmed as below) ● Digital high impedance multimeter (can not use Analog Multimeter) ● When ignition switch to ON Gear, there is supply voltage of vehicle on diagnostic socket. Voltage difference between voltage on diagnostic socket and vehicle battery side can not be above 2.5V.  In diagnosis, if the signal line used is single-line communication (K line), voltage on signal line lower than battery voltage,(if vehicle supply voltage is 12V,then voltage on signal line is 11V, + 0.25V;if 24V,signal voltage is 21V,+ 0.25V) If double signal line adopts CAN communication, 2 diagnostic lines use multimeter to measure ground wire voltage under the condition that ignition switch open, the sum of both voltages is 5V,average 2.5V,the one voltage little higher than 2.5V is CAN-H, the one voltage lower than 2.5V is CAN-L.   After understanding of the above, then you can use auto scanner to read DTC. Now make a brief introduction of operation steps for FCAR scanner to read DTC: Confirm diagnostic socket connect properly and then turn on power switch of scanner, and select Diagnostic menu (As shown in Pic.4-39).    11、Select vehicle type to be diagnosed: ●Diesel ●Machine   Select vehicle type and then enter into vehicle series or engine select menu (as shown in 4‐40):Then enter into engine type or electronically controlled system menu (As show in Pic. 4‐41) After entry to engine type or electronically controlled system menu, it will shows function menu of scanner (As show in Pic. 4‐42)                                           Pic.4-40 model or engine menu                                                                   Pic.4-41 ECU menu    If need to clear DTC saved in ECU memory, then must select “Clear DTC” menu option. At present, all Electronic Control Systems are required to use this method. Some first generation of Electronic Control System can clear saved DTCs by way of using scanner or dismantling ECU power fuse for 10s and then install. The shortcoming of this kind of system is all DTCs appeared and recorded in the process of driving will disappear once driver cleared DTCs, therefore maintenance technician and fleet maintenance manager would know nothing about the problem of engine and vehicles. Note: Before clearing DTC, better write down DTCs, also can use printing function of Fcar scanner. Pic.4‐42 Function select menu
    534 Posted by www.fcar.com
  • 1#:K line; 2#:K line; 3#:K line; GND:Ground wire(negative); 6#:CAN‐H; 7#:RSR232+, J1708+, K line;8#:K line; 9#:K line; 10#:K line; 11#:K line; 12#:K line; 13#:K line; 14#:CAN‐L; 15#:RSR232‐, K line, J1708‐, L line VCC: power line(Positive); POWER:Power indicator. Remark: If lack of vehicle electrical equipment knowledge or unable to confirm electrical equipment power supply, please don’t operate jumper, for error operation of jumper may lead to malfunction of electrical failure or FCAR F3-D main unit and wire.                                                            Pic. 4‐39    (Auto diagnostic socket related information reconfirmed as below) ● Digital high impedance multimeter (can not use Analog Multimeter) ● When ignition switch to ON Gear, there is supply voltage of vehicle on diagnostic socket. Voltage difference between voltage on diagnostic socket and vehicle battery side can not be above 2.5V.  In diagnosis, if the signal line used is single-line communication (K line), voltage on signal line lower than battery voltage,(if vehicle supply voltage is 12V,then voltage on signal line is 11V, + 0.25V;if 24V,signal voltage is 21V,+ 0.25V) If double signal line adopts CAN communication, 2 diagnostic lines use multimeter to measure ground wire voltage under the condition that ignition switch open, the sum of both voltages is 5V,average 2.5V,the one voltage little higher than 2.5V is CAN-H, the one voltage lower than 2.5V is CAN-L.   After understanding of the above, then you can use auto scanner to read DTC. Now make a brief introduction of operation steps for FCAR scanner to read DTC: Confirm diagnostic socket connect properly and then turn on power switch of scanner, and select Diagnostic menu (As shown in Pic.4-39).    11、Select vehicle type to be diagnosed: ●Diesel ●Machine   Select vehicle type and then enter into vehicle series or engine select menu (as shown in 4‐40):Then enter into engine type or electronically controlled system menu (As show in Pic. 4‐41) After entry to engine type or electronically controlled system menu, it will shows function menu of scanner (As show in Pic. 4‐42)                                           Pic.4-40 model or engine menu                                                                   Pic.4-41 ECU menu    If need to clear DTC saved in ECU memory, then must select “Clear DTC” menu option. At present, all Electronic Control Systems are required to use this method. Some first generation of Electronic Control System can clear saved DTCs by way of using scanner or dismantling ECU power fuse for 10s and then install. The shortcoming of this kind of system is all DTCs appeared and recorded in the process of driving will disappear once driver cleared DTCs, therefore maintenance technician and fleet maintenance manager would know nothing about the problem of engine and vehicles. Note: Before clearing DTC, better write down DTCs, also can use printing function of Fcar scanner. Pic.4‐42 Function select menu
    Oct 10, 2014 534
  • 09 Oct 2014
    ​You can open the ECU reader Trouble diagnosis menu in the system main interface and select【Chinese Series】 Note : Here take【Engine system】as an exampleEntering 【Chinese series】Menu and select the logo of 【Engine system】Click【Engine system】logo, the ECU reader screen will display the prompt.Note: Select the version you need or the highest version to test or diagnose, the highest version of all software is fully compatible to the existing version.After selecting version, the check engine code reader screen will display the【Engine】engine electronic control system list toNote: The fault diagnosis can also be conducted in the ECU of same assembling and different model. But data stream, trouble code etc will be not accurate or information can’t be displayed. Thus the fault diagnostic computer menu should choose the diagnostic program that matched with the ECU model of body assembling to diagnose.There are more engine control systems assembled in domestic vehicles. Maintenance technicians can obtain diagnostic procedure menu of ECU mode from the electronic control system ECU's nameplate. ​http://www.fcar.com/auto-diagnostic-scanner/4-f3-d-heavy-duty.html
    403 Posted by www.fcar.com
  • ​You can open the ECU reader Trouble diagnosis menu in the system main interface and select【Chinese Series】 Note : Here take【Engine system】as an exampleEntering 【Chinese series】Menu and select the logo of 【Engine system】Click【Engine system】logo, the ECU reader screen will display the prompt.Note: Select the version you need or the highest version to test or diagnose, the highest version of all software is fully compatible to the existing version.After selecting version, the check engine code reader screen will display the【Engine】engine electronic control system list toNote: The fault diagnosis can also be conducted in the ECU of same assembling and different model. But data stream, trouble code etc will be not accurate or information can’t be displayed. Thus the fault diagnostic computer menu should choose the diagnostic program that matched with the ECU model of body assembling to diagnose.There are more engine control systems assembled in domestic vehicles. Maintenance technicians can obtain diagnostic procedure menu of ECU mode from the electronic control system ECU's nameplate. ​http://www.fcar.com/auto-diagnostic-scanner/4-f3-d-heavy-duty.html
    Oct 09, 2014 403