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Business 285 views Aug 03, 2017
Top Five Advantages of Stainless Steel Products

Stainless steel (also known as inox or inox steel) can be defined as an alloy of steel containing a significant percentage (10.5) of chromium content. Besides iron and chromium, stainless steel also consists of molybdenum, nickel, and carbon. Among them, nickel is capable of acting as a catalyst in a certain crystalline structure known as austenite. (Information credit: Eurosteel)


Stainless steel exhibits many properties such as –

a) Anti oxidation: The chromium content of stainless steel acts as a galvanising agent and provides a passive layer that protects this material from getting oxidised in air. The oxidation of iron in air and water is popularly known as rusting. The amount of chromium might vary in this alloy from 13% to 26% according to the nature of the environment. If the air is damp, more chromium content will be required to prevent rusting.


b) Non-reactivity against acid, base, and alkali: Stainless steel usually doesn’t undergo chemical reaction with acids and alkaline substances depending upon the temperature. For example, at room temperature, type 904 steel doesn’t even react with concentrated sulphuric acid whereas type 430 is non-reactive with nitric acid. In the case of bases and alkalis, stainless steel materials of the300 series are impervious to alkalis like sodium hydroxide, ammonium hydroxide and sodium hypochlorite.


Due to these properties, stainless steel is used in numerous fields and to manufacture myriads of products such as pipes, sheets, plates, coils, valves, flanges, ornamental tubing, decorative finish, BSP fittings and many more. 


Products made of stainless steel come with many advantageous features. These features are discussed below:


1. Free from corrosion: Stainless steel is impervious to oxidation that prevents rusting and consequently prevents corrosion. It is also non-reactive to various acids and alkaline substances. So stainless products are unlikely to be spoiled even if it comes in contact with acids. All varieties of stainless steel are also water resistant.


2. Ductile nature: Stainless steel has a high elasticity quotient that makes it one of the most ductile metals in the world. This nature allows designingof products of any possible shape and size from long pipes to small flanges. This property also makes the installation of such products much easier.


3. Temperature resistant: Almost all varieties of stainless steel are resistant to temperature. They can withstand significantly higher temperature than room temperature. Because of this and corrosion resistance, all products made of this substance are extremely durable.


4. Economic advantage: This type of steel is a widely manufactured substance that makes its cost significantly low. Furthermore, the durability and corrosion resistance of this type of steel greatly lowers its maintenance cost. The installation cost of stainless steel products, like pipes, is also very low because they are easy to install and require less manpower.


5. Aesthetic qualities: Stainless steel finishes are aesthetically pleasing and the products made of it can blend themselves in with modern architectural constructions and designs.


These are the main reasons behind the huge popularity of various stainless steel objects across the globe.