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Technology 401 views Jun 16, 2016
Advantages of Water Jet Cutting

A water jet cutter is a tool that is used in industries for cutting wide variety of materials using a high pressure jet of water. Sometimes a mixture of water and an abrasive substance is used to cut materials. When machine parts are being fabricated, water jet cutting is preferred. Water jet cutting is also preferred when the material being used is sensitive to high temperature. Water jet cutting, unlike other cutting methods, does not generate high temperature.


 Mining and aerospace industries use the water jet cutting method for cutting, reaming and shaping materials. Water jet cutting services helps industries and businesses to find effective solutions to their material cutting requirements.


Advantages of water jet cutting

Cold cutting: The industrial material cutting methods generate heat while in the cutting process. The major problem while cutting a material is burning, melting or cracking of material. The biggest advantage of water jet cutting is its cold cutting quality. This prevents the material being cut from burning, melting and cracking. Some materials tend to get hard when subjected to heat generated during the cutting process. Water jet cutting also helps in prevention of material hardening.


Prevention of deformation or blurring: Water jet cutting helps in achieving high cutting accuracy despite the use of high kinetic energy. Water jet cutting helps in avoiding part deformation and frayed edges. The edge quality is excellent which helps in eliminating the need for an extra process for finishing.


Complex cuts: Water jet cutting is helpful in cutting complex shapes without deforming the material. Water jet cutting helps in cutting wide variety of materials in almost any shape. It reduces cutting time and also makes sharp corners, bevels, pierce holes and minimal inner radii shapes possible to be formed. Water jet cutting is faster than other conventional cutting methods.


Environment friendly: Conventional cutting methods generate heat. This is not only harmful for material but for the environment as well. Thermal processes cause the emission of hazardous gases. Other cutting processes also create chips. Water jet cutting is environment friendly as it does not generate heat. It also does not create any harmful gases, grind powder and chips.


Cost effective: Some cutting methods cause the deformation of parts. The heat produced during such processes causes the hardening, burning, melting and cracking of material. This causes wastage of raw material.  Water jet cutting is cost effective as it avoids material wastage. Water jet cutting has a small cutting width. This helps in optimisation of raw materials. This helps in saving material costs.


Versatile:  The water jet cutting method is very versatile in terms of the materials it can cut and shapes it can achieve. Different materials can be cut by making small adjustments in the water jet cutter. Pneumatic valves allow the jet cutting machine to operate at different pressure levels. Pure water can be used to cut textiles, thin plastics, food products etc. A mixture of water and an abrasive is needed to cut harder and thicker materials. The quality of the abrasive, adjustments in orifice combinations and focusing tube diameter can help in producing good quality cuts in the cost effective speed of cutting. Water jet allows cutting in various directions.


Water jet cutting methods allow cutting of uneven surfaces, stacked layers and various other materials. The cutting process takes place on a microscopic level. Therefore, content and surface of the material is not an essential factor.