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  • 10 Sep 2018
    Meerkat was starting to become a social darling for the social media crowd. Meerkat allowed people to start streaming personally and made it a simple cleaning app. They were doing so well until Twitter decided to act up again. Again, Twitter is attempting to kill a competitor through API death. They want to keep to their own company which they recently acquired for no good reason as the main streaming client. The irony: the thing that kept then going, invented ways to improvement to their platforms and arguably made them is the thing they want to kill off. As I heard arguably the thing that made their company known, hashtags, were not designed by them but by a third party. That just proves to me that Twitter should stop being a network and start being a platform. 인터넷바카라 Their setup doesn't allow for proper social network based setup. We recently go the ability to mute (which should have rolled out sooner) and yet that isn't enough. Thomas Ricker goes into better detail but we can't temporarily mute hashtag or people for a time duration. We can't hide particular posts we don't want to see. Search is STILL loathsome even with their advance search (certain ways of searching does not feel optimum). You would think that for a company that wants to deliver a great experience they would put time and effort into these things. Instead they have not. They do however have the setup for a platform: low data prints, easy to communicate with great authorization and great broadcasting features for a lot of people. It makes it easy for people to jump in and out of said platform easily and thus get included into conversations quickly like a platform. These things are what make Twitter not only fun but good enough so that a person can MacGyver their way into creating an experience that people want to use. They have frame work ready, so now they just got to make the framework get tools, those tools should be 3rd Party APIs. 카지노사이트         Back in the days of Twitter being a company that let users join up on their API, a lot of places came up with interesting ways to connect to Twitter. It could be their own client, it could be to their own services for a platform, or it could even be creating a service that extends the platform. One experience: When there was a "decent" Chrome Twitter client, I rarely checked Twitter because it did everything I needed to. In that moment, Twitter should have focused into being that main API area. Instead, they restricted and are now paying the price. They now have to take harassment even more seriously because people are leaving. They are having middling results trying to keep those here and grow the platform. All of these things cut into their profits and otherwise financial interests as a company. Moreover, it really makes it hard to talk to investors about how bad things are getting, and especially when you have an email come out admitting you suck at your job. Which now brings me back to this news with Meerkat. Twitter, once again, botches what could make it better by being a platform by opposing anyone to run with said platform and instead trying to lock people into said ecosystem. Which now means they're going to now manage streams which can make them even MORE overextended than they usually are. Twitter doesn't have to walk this path. Instead they could brach out: Create better tools and methods for your API including better ways for 3rd parties to show you how harassment works and how to deal with it (including action plans for Swatting). Get Digits out and become THE de facto phone number authorization protocol (which can then help verify accounts). Get crazy: acquire Disqus, create new ways to make Disqus that social API for commenting as well as arguably user interaction that anyone can custom make under the hood and tie up Twitter with it. 온라인카지노 Just whatever you do, stop trying to be a social network, because you're not a social network. Facebook is a social network, LinkedIn is a social network, Snapchat, Google+, and even Ello are social networks and better at the game than you could ever need to, would want to, or should be.
    84 Posted by Jake Kennedy
  • Meerkat was starting to become a social darling for the social media crowd. Meerkat allowed people to start streaming personally and made it a simple cleaning app. They were doing so well until Twitter decided to act up again. Again, Twitter is attempting to kill a competitor through API death. They want to keep to their own company which they recently acquired for no good reason as the main streaming client. The irony: the thing that kept then going, invented ways to improvement to their platforms and arguably made them is the thing they want to kill off. As I heard arguably the thing that made their company known, hashtags, were not designed by them but by a third party. That just proves to me that Twitter should stop being a network and start being a platform. 인터넷바카라 Their setup doesn't allow for proper social network based setup. We recently go the ability to mute (which should have rolled out sooner) and yet that isn't enough. Thomas Ricker goes into better detail but we can't temporarily mute hashtag or people for a time duration. We can't hide particular posts we don't want to see. Search is STILL loathsome even with their advance search (certain ways of searching does not feel optimum). You would think that for a company that wants to deliver a great experience they would put time and effort into these things. Instead they have not. They do however have the setup for a platform: low data prints, easy to communicate with great authorization and great broadcasting features for a lot of people. It makes it easy for people to jump in and out of said platform easily and thus get included into conversations quickly like a platform. These things are what make Twitter not only fun but good enough so that a person can MacGyver their way into creating an experience that people want to use. They have frame work ready, so now they just got to make the framework get tools, those tools should be 3rd Party APIs. 카지노사이트         Back in the days of Twitter being a company that let users join up on their API, a lot of places came up with interesting ways to connect to Twitter. It could be their own client, it could be to their own services for a platform, or it could even be creating a service that extends the platform. One experience: When there was a "decent" Chrome Twitter client, I rarely checked Twitter because it did everything I needed to. In that moment, Twitter should have focused into being that main API area. Instead, they restricted and are now paying the price. They now have to take harassment even more seriously because people are leaving. They are having middling results trying to keep those here and grow the platform. All of these things cut into their profits and otherwise financial interests as a company. Moreover, it really makes it hard to talk to investors about how bad things are getting, and especially when you have an email come out admitting you suck at your job. Which now brings me back to this news with Meerkat. Twitter, once again, botches what could make it better by being a platform by opposing anyone to run with said platform and instead trying to lock people into said ecosystem. Which now means they're going to now manage streams which can make them even MORE overextended than they usually are. Twitter doesn't have to walk this path. Instead they could brach out: Create better tools and methods for your API including better ways for 3rd parties to show you how harassment works and how to deal with it (including action plans for Swatting). Get Digits out and become THE de facto phone number authorization protocol (which can then help verify accounts). Get crazy: acquire Disqus, create new ways to make Disqus that social API for commenting as well as arguably user interaction that anyone can custom make under the hood and tie up Twitter with it. 온라인카지노 Just whatever you do, stop trying to be a social network, because you're not a social network. Facebook is a social network, LinkedIn is a social network, Snapchat, Google+, and even Ello are social networks and better at the game than you could ever need to, would want to, or should be.
    Sep 10, 2018 84
  • 08 Sep 2018
    I am convinced that the within 5 years, most EU member states will completely ban encryption. 인터넷카지노 Why? It has to do with growing social tensions between ethnic groups. You might have noticed that some EU immigrants have a special idea of having a good time... Those NO GO ZONES... They do exist. But it is not like most imagine. These are areas where police and the fire department or any other officials are systematically harassed, by throwing stones and other items on them.인터넷바카라 The UK... they pretty much banned private handgun ownership out of fear that too many immigrants would be shoot in self defense during home invasions... So, for sure the UK will ban encryption. Then the French will do it, the Swedes and it will become EU law. I also expect a total gun ownership ban in Europe within the same time frame. 카지노사이트 Look, out of 300 French Main Battle tanks, less than 30 are operational. The Eurofighters have cracks in their front wing cage... With every nation having its own weapons, trucks, the EU can't cope with any form of revolution, they could not even buy nor get spare parts as many manufacturers are out of business.
    81 Posted by Jake Kennedy
  • I am convinced that the within 5 years, most EU member states will completely ban encryption. 인터넷카지노 Why? It has to do with growing social tensions between ethnic groups. You might have noticed that some EU immigrants have a special idea of having a good time... Those NO GO ZONES... They do exist. But it is not like most imagine. These are areas where police and the fire department or any other officials are systematically harassed, by throwing stones and other items on them.인터넷바카라 The UK... they pretty much banned private handgun ownership out of fear that too many immigrants would be shoot in self defense during home invasions... So, for sure the UK will ban encryption. Then the French will do it, the Swedes and it will become EU law. I also expect a total gun ownership ban in Europe within the same time frame. 카지노사이트 Look, out of 300 French Main Battle tanks, less than 30 are operational. The Eurofighters have cracks in their front wing cage... With every nation having its own weapons, trucks, the EU can't cope with any form of revolution, they could not even buy nor get spare parts as many manufacturers are out of business.
    Sep 08, 2018 81
  • 06 Sep 2018
    I'm sure most of us have heard about the mission to save the 12 Thai boys and their coach who were trapped in a cave. It's been in the headlines for a couple weeks. What's also grabbed headlines is Musk's attempt to have his team engineer a sub that could help the divers save the boys and the coach. 온라인바카라 What's also grabbed headlines is Musk's attempt to have his team engineer a sub that could help the divers save the boys and the coach. First, the rescue chief calls Musk's sub impractical. In response, Musk questions the rescue chiefs knowledge on the matter. This is rude and shouldn't have been done, but not the end of the world. Frankly, he should have just provided proof that his sub is practical and would have been capable of saving the 12 children and the coach. 카지노사이트주소 Then, because a diver and cave explorer (no he didn't dive this time, but offered expertise on the cave's structure and mapping) had the audacity to call Musk's sub a PR stunt and told him to "stick it where it hurts", he responds by calling the diver a pedo. You cannot make this stuff up. I think the diver had some harsh words for Musk, who once again could have simply set the record straight without resorting to libel. Now he's opened himself up to a lawsuit. 바카라사이트주소 This is obviously disturbing behavior from a CEO of multiple companies. I'm not sure how anyone can read what he tweeted and still defend him. The best thing he can do at this point is to apologize and hand his Twitter account over to a PR team. Tesla, SpaceX, and The Boring Company would benefit from having a focused CEO, not one that's unhinged on Twitter. Edited to add the diver's unmentioned childish comment.
    83 Posted by Jake Kennedy
  • I'm sure most of us have heard about the mission to save the 12 Thai boys and their coach who were trapped in a cave. It's been in the headlines for a couple weeks. What's also grabbed headlines is Musk's attempt to have his team engineer a sub that could help the divers save the boys and the coach. 온라인바카라 What's also grabbed headlines is Musk's attempt to have his team engineer a sub that could help the divers save the boys and the coach. First, the rescue chief calls Musk's sub impractical. In response, Musk questions the rescue chiefs knowledge on the matter. This is rude and shouldn't have been done, but not the end of the world. Frankly, he should have just provided proof that his sub is practical and would have been capable of saving the 12 children and the coach. 카지노사이트주소 Then, because a diver and cave explorer (no he didn't dive this time, but offered expertise on the cave's structure and mapping) had the audacity to call Musk's sub a PR stunt and told him to "stick it where it hurts", he responds by calling the diver a pedo. You cannot make this stuff up. I think the diver had some harsh words for Musk, who once again could have simply set the record straight without resorting to libel. Now he's opened himself up to a lawsuit. 바카라사이트주소 This is obviously disturbing behavior from a CEO of multiple companies. I'm not sure how anyone can read what he tweeted and still defend him. The best thing he can do at this point is to apologize and hand his Twitter account over to a PR team. Tesla, SpaceX, and The Boring Company would benefit from having a focused CEO, not one that's unhinged on Twitter. Edited to add the diver's unmentioned childish comment.
    Sep 06, 2018 83
  • 05 Sep 2018
    It should not come as a surprise that many SingPass users have not changed their unique online IDs from their NRIC numbers. 인터넷바카라 The availability of the option for SingPass users to use non-NRIC details as their SingPass IDs was probably lost on the public because it was implemented with other enhanced security measures such as SingPass two-factor authentication (2FA). The emphasis then was to get everybody to sign up for the 2FA token. 카지노사이트 The SingPass log-in page also does not help. There is nothing on the page to indicate that you can change the SingPass ID. A message could have been inserted to tell users that they can change their SingPass ID, along with a link to the page to do so. 온라인카지노    Changing the SingPass ID requires one. Nobody does that. Each time we go to a site which requires SingPass authentication, we see only the SingPass log-in page and not the other pages on the SingPass site. Even when you log in to the site, the link to change the SingPass ID is buried and is not so obvious. If the authorities want people to change their SingPass ID, then they should make this change easier and more obvious.
    75 Posted by Jake Kennedy
  • It should not come as a surprise that many SingPass users have not changed their unique online IDs from their NRIC numbers. 인터넷바카라 The availability of the option for SingPass users to use non-NRIC details as their SingPass IDs was probably lost on the public because it was implemented with other enhanced security measures such as SingPass two-factor authentication (2FA). The emphasis then was to get everybody to sign up for the 2FA token. 카지노사이트 The SingPass log-in page also does not help. There is nothing on the page to indicate that you can change the SingPass ID. A message could have been inserted to tell users that they can change their SingPass ID, along with a link to the page to do so. 온라인카지노    Changing the SingPass ID requires one. Nobody does that. Each time we go to a site which requires SingPass authentication, we see only the SingPass log-in page and not the other pages on the SingPass site. Even when you log in to the site, the link to change the SingPass ID is buried and is not so obvious. If the authorities want people to change their SingPass ID, then they should make this change easier and more obvious.
    Sep 05, 2018 75
  • 05 Sep 2018
    I was with my family to watch the live telecast of the National Day Parade at the OCBC Arena last week. 바카라사이트주소 Besides being treated to a variety of fringe activities and performances, as well as the fantastic parade, what heartened me was that after the event, everyone in the area I was at bagged their garbage and placed them in the rubbish bins provided. There was no rubbish left behind. I have observed signs of an increasing civic-mindedness in our country. 안전놀이터 For example, I have noticed that more and more people are cleaning up after themselves at hawker centres, giving way to other signalling motorists, moving in on buses and trains to make room for other passengers, and the like. This clearly demonstrates that even as our country is prospering on the economic front, our social etiquette and consideration for others are also improving tremendously. 바카라사이트 The only bugbear that I still have is that many people still talk during movies.
    108 Posted by Jake Kennedy
  • I was with my family to watch the live telecast of the National Day Parade at the OCBC Arena last week. 바카라사이트주소 Besides being treated to a variety of fringe activities and performances, as well as the fantastic parade, what heartened me was that after the event, everyone in the area I was at bagged their garbage and placed them in the rubbish bins provided. There was no rubbish left behind. I have observed signs of an increasing civic-mindedness in our country. 안전놀이터 For example, I have noticed that more and more people are cleaning up after themselves at hawker centres, giving way to other signalling motorists, moving in on buses and trains to make room for other passengers, and the like. This clearly demonstrates that even as our country is prospering on the economic front, our social etiquette and consideration for others are also improving tremendously. 바카라사이트 The only bugbear that I still have is that many people still talk during movies.
    Sep 05, 2018 108
  • 31 Aug 2018
    Persuasion and manipulation are in most cases confused to be one and the same thing. So many people engage in manipulative conversations when in fact they should be persuading. Therefore, there is a need for people to gain understanding on how these two terms are related. This will avoid the situation where one can manipulate others to the point of controlling them while they are feeling unremorseful of their actions. Being able to persuade can influence the behavior and experience of the user. For one to be able to master the art of persuasion as opposed to manipulation, it is important to understand the principles that define each behavior to avoid engaging in an undesirable act of being manipulative. The paper will address the pros and cons of both persuasion and manipulation in an effort to understand the differences between the closely related terms. What is the main difference between persuasion and manipulation? Is it possible to unconsciously engage in one behavior while in fact practicing the other? According to Roubroeks and Midden, the main difference between persuasion and manipulation is that one is ethical and the other is unethical. Persuasion borders on the ability to influence something that the audience wants to achieve and probably needs it. On the other hand, manipulation involves influence of the audience on something that the person manipulating wants to be done. The net result of persuasion is that it helps in building loyalty and trust. However, this may only be in the short term as people may become disillusioned in the long term. Principally, persuasion and manipulation differs in the intention and desire that someone has while practicing manipulation or persuasion. The two also differ in the level of transparency and truthfulness in the whole process. Persuasion has several advantages that the person communicating the message gains from practicing it as opposed to manipulation. In most cases, persuasion has proved to be effective in passing the message across. According McCaslin and Petty, people who unconsciously engage in persuasion are automatically deemed to be credible by their audience. This is the case both in general and for any particular topic at hand. In most cases, listeners do believe the speaker using persuasive language than that using manipulative language. However, this level of trust is dependent on the qualifications and performance of the speaker. For instance, a doctor is able to convince his/her patient that he/she will heal in a few days and gain their trust. The reason for this is that the doctor is qualified. This may certainly not occur when the information is coming from a child. The credibility of the doctor makes one to be persuaded. Furthermore, persuasion is dependent on the level of knowledge that one has. Thus, with relevant knowledge, one is able to persuade many people easily. The disadvantage is that the knowledge must be relevant to a particular topic. This is contrary to what happens in manipulation whose users do not need to have any special knowledge. It means that anyone with any form of knowledge can come up with a story and manipulate people to believe it. Persuasion is also largely dependent on the similarity between the audience and the speaker. This means that those who want to engage in it must have some shared values and visions. For instance, persuading people within the same age group, lifestyle, and cultural backgrounds may be much easier as opposed to when someone is completely different. On the other hand, manipulation does not require similarity of characteristics for it to occur. In all the instances, knowledge, credibility, and similarity have a connection. That is, someone who is knowledgeable and similar to the audience may also be credible to them. Persuasion is also largely dependent on the physical characteristics of a person. People who are physically attractive are likely to be more persuasive as opposed to less attractive persons. Persuasion depends on someone’s neatness and people who nod, smile, and make good eye contacts are likely to persuade their audience easily. The audience tends to judge the communicator based on non-verbal characteristics. This increases one’s chances of persuading the audience in an easy way.   Persuasion is however only likely to be effective when it is delivered in a face-to-face communication. This is unlike manipulation where even technological tools like TV and mobile phones can be used. Persuasion is more effective in a personalized setting so that the speaker is able to give clarifications and answer questions from his/her audience.  This attracts the attention of the audience. Persuasion also creates a sense of confidence in the audience so that it becomes easy for the speaker to interact with the audience on a personal level. The persuader is also able to explain everything to the audience and give compliments in order to achieve their trust. On the other hand, manipulation is the social influence that seeks to change the behaviors or views of other people through shrewd means. Manipulation in most cases uses abusive and deceptive language. The aim of a manipulative communicator is to deceive, abuse, and exploit the audience. This is an unethical form of making the audience to conform to the speaker’s needs as opposed to the needs of the audience. Manipulation is difficult to detect because the person engaging in this behavior conceals it while engaging in aggressive behaviors to force submission from the audience. Unlike in persuasion where the speaker does not need to know about the audience, the manipulative person studies vulnerable areas of the audience in order to determine the tactics to use. In manipulative association, the manipulator does not consider the effects or harm that the audience is likely to have even as they engage in covert acts. Manipulation occurs in several ways through which the manipulator controls his/her victim. One of this is positive reinforcement that encompasses superficial charm, superficial sympathy, and facial expressions that are hypocritical in nature. Negative reinforcement includes yelling, silent intimidation, threats, swearing, and emotional blackmail. In some cases, the manipulator may engage in intermittent negative reinforcement to create an ambiance of fear and doubt. Unlike in persuasion where the speaker is credible and knowledgeable, in manipulation, the speaker does not need to know anything about the topic as they incessantly engage in techniques to achieve the end objective. Clark and Wegener identified lying as a technique that psychopaths mostly use to manipulate other people often in subtle ways. The other form of lying that a manipulator uses is lying by omission where they withhold a bit of information crucial to making wise decisions. Manipulators are also likely to deny or refuse to admit whenever they are caught doing something wrong or saying something untrue. As noted by Clark and Wegener, manipulators will do whatever it takes to be out of danger when they are cornered. They do this through rationalization talks to make their case look like it is the norm. In most cases, manipulators engage in egocentric actions to assert their behaviors as not harmful to divert attention from the real issue. Manipulators also engage in selective attention or selective inattention depending on the agenda and mission that they want to accomplish. Manipulators do not seek to reason out with their audience through diversionary tactics and dodging of questions whenever they are asked something. They may also engage in reversionary tactics where they give irrelevant, vague, or rambling responses whenever they are confronted to reply to their claims. While persuasion borders on the ethical grounds and seeks to understand the audience before convincing them, manipulation focuses mostly on strangers who have no idea about the shrewd behaviors of the manipulators. Manipulation does not consider the cultural background or the similarity of the people engaged in the action, but rather targets the victim with a view of hurting or causing harm to them. Manipulation can be practiced by anyone including a child, and age does not preclude success. However, in persuasion, much older and experienced people are likely to be more persuasive than young people. Similarly, whereas persuaders use knowledge and credibility to get their audience to accept their message, manipulators can use all forms of deception including sarcasm to increase the doubt and fear in their victims. They make themselves superior while their victims inferior to create a sense of inadequacy in them. In most cases, manipulators like to feign the victim of circumstances in order to attract sympathy from their victims. Persuasion and manipulation are closely related activities that people engage in on a daily basis. However, having knowledge of the difference that exists between the two can help one to build a rapport with their audience as they seek to make them accept their ideas. Manipulation does not seek to understand the circumstances of the audience because it is a form of egocentric behavior that seeks to gratify the person other than the audience. On the other hand, persuasion is an ethical approach that puts the needs of the audience ahead of the speaker’s, while manipulation focuses on the needs of the speaker with no consideration to the needs of the audience. I am a freelance writer at writer-elite.com I'm specialized in essay writing on different topics. I like to experiment with different styles and genres. It may be a small high school essay or research. What I like the most about my work is that there is always something new to learn. That's why I usually read a lot. The last article I read was Philosophy of Special Education  
    244 Posted by Regina Brand
  • Persuasion and manipulation are in most cases confused to be one and the same thing. So many people engage in manipulative conversations when in fact they should be persuading. Therefore, there is a need for people to gain understanding on how these two terms are related. This will avoid the situation where one can manipulate others to the point of controlling them while they are feeling unremorseful of their actions. Being able to persuade can influence the behavior and experience of the user. For one to be able to master the art of persuasion as opposed to manipulation, it is important to understand the principles that define each behavior to avoid engaging in an undesirable act of being manipulative. The paper will address the pros and cons of both persuasion and manipulation in an effort to understand the differences between the closely related terms. What is the main difference between persuasion and manipulation? Is it possible to unconsciously engage in one behavior while in fact practicing the other? According to Roubroeks and Midden, the main difference between persuasion and manipulation is that one is ethical and the other is unethical. Persuasion borders on the ability to influence something that the audience wants to achieve and probably needs it. On the other hand, manipulation involves influence of the audience on something that the person manipulating wants to be done. The net result of persuasion is that it helps in building loyalty and trust. However, this may only be in the short term as people may become disillusioned in the long term. Principally, persuasion and manipulation differs in the intention and desire that someone has while practicing manipulation or persuasion. The two also differ in the level of transparency and truthfulness in the whole process. Persuasion has several advantages that the person communicating the message gains from practicing it as opposed to manipulation. In most cases, persuasion has proved to be effective in passing the message across. According McCaslin and Petty, people who unconsciously engage in persuasion are automatically deemed to be credible by their audience. This is the case both in general and for any particular topic at hand. In most cases, listeners do believe the speaker using persuasive language than that using manipulative language. However, this level of trust is dependent on the qualifications and performance of the speaker. For instance, a doctor is able to convince his/her patient that he/she will heal in a few days and gain their trust. The reason for this is that the doctor is qualified. This may certainly not occur when the information is coming from a child. The credibility of the doctor makes one to be persuaded. Furthermore, persuasion is dependent on the level of knowledge that one has. Thus, with relevant knowledge, one is able to persuade many people easily. The disadvantage is that the knowledge must be relevant to a particular topic. This is contrary to what happens in manipulation whose users do not need to have any special knowledge. It means that anyone with any form of knowledge can come up with a story and manipulate people to believe it. Persuasion is also largely dependent on the similarity between the audience and the speaker. This means that those who want to engage in it must have some shared values and visions. For instance, persuading people within the same age group, lifestyle, and cultural backgrounds may be much easier as opposed to when someone is completely different. On the other hand, manipulation does not require similarity of characteristics for it to occur. In all the instances, knowledge, credibility, and similarity have a connection. That is, someone who is knowledgeable and similar to the audience may also be credible to them. Persuasion is also largely dependent on the physical characteristics of a person. People who are physically attractive are likely to be more persuasive as opposed to less attractive persons. Persuasion depends on someone’s neatness and people who nod, smile, and make good eye contacts are likely to persuade their audience easily. The audience tends to judge the communicator based on non-verbal characteristics. This increases one’s chances of persuading the audience in an easy way.   Persuasion is however only likely to be effective when it is delivered in a face-to-face communication. This is unlike manipulation where even technological tools like TV and mobile phones can be used. Persuasion is more effective in a personalized setting so that the speaker is able to give clarifications and answer questions from his/her audience.  This attracts the attention of the audience. Persuasion also creates a sense of confidence in the audience so that it becomes easy for the speaker to interact with the audience on a personal level. The persuader is also able to explain everything to the audience and give compliments in order to achieve their trust. On the other hand, manipulation is the social influence that seeks to change the behaviors or views of other people through shrewd means. Manipulation in most cases uses abusive and deceptive language. The aim of a manipulative communicator is to deceive, abuse, and exploit the audience. This is an unethical form of making the audience to conform to the speaker’s needs as opposed to the needs of the audience. Manipulation is difficult to detect because the person engaging in this behavior conceals it while engaging in aggressive behaviors to force submission from the audience. Unlike in persuasion where the speaker does not need to know about the audience, the manipulative person studies vulnerable areas of the audience in order to determine the tactics to use. In manipulative association, the manipulator does not consider the effects or harm that the audience is likely to have even as they engage in covert acts. Manipulation occurs in several ways through which the manipulator controls his/her victim. One of this is positive reinforcement that encompasses superficial charm, superficial sympathy, and facial expressions that are hypocritical in nature. Negative reinforcement includes yelling, silent intimidation, threats, swearing, and emotional blackmail. In some cases, the manipulator may engage in intermittent negative reinforcement to create an ambiance of fear and doubt. Unlike in persuasion where the speaker is credible and knowledgeable, in manipulation, the speaker does not need to know anything about the topic as they incessantly engage in techniques to achieve the end objective. Clark and Wegener identified lying as a technique that psychopaths mostly use to manipulate other people often in subtle ways. The other form of lying that a manipulator uses is lying by omission where they withhold a bit of information crucial to making wise decisions. Manipulators are also likely to deny or refuse to admit whenever they are caught doing something wrong or saying something untrue. As noted by Clark and Wegener, manipulators will do whatever it takes to be out of danger when they are cornered. They do this through rationalization talks to make their case look like it is the norm. In most cases, manipulators engage in egocentric actions to assert their behaviors as not harmful to divert attention from the real issue. Manipulators also engage in selective attention or selective inattention depending on the agenda and mission that they want to accomplish. Manipulators do not seek to reason out with their audience through diversionary tactics and dodging of questions whenever they are asked something. They may also engage in reversionary tactics where they give irrelevant, vague, or rambling responses whenever they are confronted to reply to their claims. While persuasion borders on the ethical grounds and seeks to understand the audience before convincing them, manipulation focuses mostly on strangers who have no idea about the shrewd behaviors of the manipulators. Manipulation does not consider the cultural background or the similarity of the people engaged in the action, but rather targets the victim with a view of hurting or causing harm to them. Manipulation can be practiced by anyone including a child, and age does not preclude success. However, in persuasion, much older and experienced people are likely to be more persuasive than young people. Similarly, whereas persuaders use knowledge and credibility to get their audience to accept their message, manipulators can use all forms of deception including sarcasm to increase the doubt and fear in their victims. They make themselves superior while their victims inferior to create a sense of inadequacy in them. In most cases, manipulators like to feign the victim of circumstances in order to attract sympathy from their victims. Persuasion and manipulation are closely related activities that people engage in on a daily basis. However, having knowledge of the difference that exists between the two can help one to build a rapport with their audience as they seek to make them accept their ideas. Manipulation does not seek to understand the circumstances of the audience because it is a form of egocentric behavior that seeks to gratify the person other than the audience. On the other hand, persuasion is an ethical approach that puts the needs of the audience ahead of the speaker’s, while manipulation focuses on the needs of the speaker with no consideration to the needs of the audience. I am a freelance writer at writer-elite.com I'm specialized in essay writing on different topics. I like to experiment with different styles and genres. It may be a small high school essay or research. What I like the most about my work is that there is always something new to learn. That's why I usually read a lot. The last article I read was Philosophy of Special Education  
    Aug 31, 2018 244