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Health 331 views Sep 12, 2017
Dental Implants: Types and Procedure

Did you break your teeth? Got a gap that you want to fill up? Get dental implants — artificial tooth roots that are placed directly in your jaw bone to support replacement teeth or bridges. Generally, you should be eligible for them if your teeth loss occurred due to an injury or periodontal disease. However, your family dentist can guide you better.

Types of Dental Implants

Endosteal

Endosteal or in the bone dental implants are the most common types. Including screws or blades, they are placed in the jaw bone through surgery. Each implant can hold one or multiple artificial teeth. Endosteal dental implants are an alternative for people with dentures or bridges.

Subperiosteal

Subperiosteal or on the bone dental implants are placed on the jaw. The metal structure protrudes the gum, so that the prosthesis can be held in place. They are generally used when a patient cannot wear dentures and has a low bone height.

Ideal Candidates

Dental implants are suitable for you if:

§ Your oral health is in a good condition; your gums should particularly be healthy and not infected by periodontal disease.

§ You have adequate jaw bones that can support the plant well.

The Procedure

The dental implants procedure involves several healthcare professionals such as your dentist and periodontists that ensure your new tooth has a similar look and feel as your natural teeth. These professionals evaluate your dental issue and oral health, and decide a location and procedure for the dental implant accordingly. Generally, a detailed plan is chalked out before treatment begins.

§ Single Tooth Replacement — If you only have a single tooth missing, a dental implant and crown can be used as replacement

§ Multiple Teeth Replacement — If you have several teeth missing, bridges supported by dental implants can be used as a replacement.

§ All Teeth Replacement — If you have no teeth, then you will probably be recommended a fully supported bridge or denture.

§ Sinus Augmentation — One of the key success factors of dental implants is the bone quality and quantity in which the implant has to be fixed. If this is the upper back jaw, then you may have to undergo sinus augmentation, a procedure in which your sinus floor is raised and proper bones are developed that can support dental implants. Sinus augmentation is carried out because usually the bone of upper back jaw is of a lower quality than required. Plus, there isn’t enough space for dental implants because the sinus is close by.

§ Ridge Modification — If your upper and lower jaws are deformed, then they are termed inadequate for dental implants. The problem is corrected by lifting your gums such that the bony defect is exposed, which is then filled up with a bone substitute or bone. This improves appearance and increases the life of dental implants.

After Care

Dental implants are just like your own teeth, and require the same care. Brush and floss your teeth regularly so that that you can keep them clean and healthy.